• World Health Organization (WHO) have identified air pollution as a major environmental health threat.
• Air pollution is linked to a wide range of negative health effects, including increased risk of stroke, heart disease, lung cancer and respiratory diseases.
• WHO estimates that 7 million deaths each year are due to indoor and outdoor air pollution.
Air Pollution: A Major Environmental Health Threat
The World Health Organization (WHO) has identified air pollution as one of the greatest threats to human health in the 21st century. Air pollution is associated with a wide range of negative health effects, such as an increased risk of stroke, heart disease, lung cancer and respiratory diseases. Furthermore, it has been estimated that around 7 million deaths every year are caused by both indoor and outdoor air pollution.
Sources of Air Pollution
Air pollution is caused by various sources, both natural and man-made. Natural sources include dust storms and forest fires while man-made sources include vehicle exhaust emissions from cars and trucks, burning coal for energy production, burning wood for cooking or heating homes, industrial activities like manufacturing processes or chemical plants releasing toxins into the atmosphere. Additionally, many everyday products such as paints or aerosol sprays can also contribute to air pollution levels when released into the environment.
Effects on Human Health
Exposure to polluted air can have serious consequences on human health in both short-term and long-term contexts. Short-term exposure can lead to irritation in eyes and throat alongside difficulty breathing due to inflammation of the lungs causing coughing or sneezing fits; whilst long-term exposure can cause more serious illnesses such as cardiovascular diseases or cancer amongst other conditions. Research suggests that children are particularly vulnerable to developing asthma due to prolonged exposure to high levels of pollutants in the air which could potentially impede their growth development over time if not managed correctly with medical intervention.
Reducing Air Pollution
In order to reduce emissions from man-made sources it is essential for governments around the world to implement policies such as increasing fuel efficiency standards for vehicles on roads or introducing incentives for businesses which develop technologies capable of reducing toxic emissions into the atmosphere from factories and power plants. Furthermore governments should also prioritize education campaigns aimed at emphasizing the importance of reducing individual consumption levels through recycling initiatives which would result in fewer products being manufactured thus decreasing polluting emissions overall at source points within society.
Overall it is clear that although we cannot control natural sources of air pollutants we must act urgently in order reduce man made pollutant contributions if we are going minimize household risks posed by exposure towards high levels toxins present within polluted environments across much world today